graeme burke joy gardner
Even though Graeme had been born in Britain, they decided to deport her. Joy remained in hospital for four days but her condition continued to deteriorate – her liver and kidneys failed and she also went into cardiac arrest. Concerns were raised during a trial in 1996 about the defence pathologist, Paula Lannas’s, work. They awaited on a decision from Kenneth Clarke, the Home Secretary…. By May 2020, there had been 1275 applications to the. But they still treated her as a human being. The Guardian 7th March 1999 In the case of … The newspaper claimed it had been given the accounts by an ‘intermediary’, through which the officers claimed they were being made ‘scapegoats’. He suffered nightmares and flashbacks, he became fearful, agitated and angry. Three police officers from the Alien Deportation Group were tried for manslaughter. 13 feet of tape and bound her They were self-taught how to use gags and were not subject to strict controls. He was raised by his grandmother, Myrna, who described him as ‘withdrawn.’ In 1999, a writ was issued on behalf of Graeme and Myrna against the then Home Secretary, Jack Straw, and Police Commissioner, Sir Paul Condon. The trial raised questions about equipment used to restrain people during these raids. Our own, BLACK LIVES MATTER: WINDRUSH: THE DEATH OF JOY GARDNER, 1993, ‘piccaninnies’, ‘watermelon smiles’ and ‘letterboxes’, Justice for Joy – Channel 4 documentary, 1995, Historical Institutional Abuse Inquiry, NI, Operation Winthorpe – St Paul's School, Barnes, MISSING: The Disappearance of Martin Allen, MISSING: The Disappearance of Vishal Mehrotra, MISSING: The Disappearance of Vishal Mehrotra Pt2, MISSING: OPERATION RIDGEWOOD: The Disappearance of Damien Nettles, HARVEY PROCTOR: Brewers Lane Assault Court Case, 1992, UNSOLVED CRIMES: The Death of ENRICO SIDOLI, ISLINGTON: UNSOLVED CRIMES: The Mysterious Death of MICHAEL JARRETT LOWE, 1974, UNSOLVED CRIMES: The Mysterious Death of BILLY HOLLOWAY, 1962, UNSOLVED CRIMES: The murder of PATRICIA MORRIS, 1980. Some of their names are fairly widely known - Joy Gardner in 1993, Sean Rigg in 2008, Habib (Paps) Ullah in (2008), Jimmy Mubenga in 2010 and Mark Duggan in 2011. Jane Coker explained it perfectly when she said: The police investigated the police. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Find Joy Gardner online. He also made announcements on three key points: During the week following Joy Gardner’s death, Sir Paul Condon followed up his announcement by calling for any related investigation to include some independent impartial component to be incorporated. Not colour, just the human being in front of them. He begins his video with the following statement: I have a specific request to Mr Johnson – prove you do care in four simple steps: I will leave the final words to two different artists…, They put a leather belt around her She entered the country legally using a six-month visitor's visa, but overstayed when the visa elapsed.She was pregnant at the time of her arrival, and subsequently gave birth to a son. The Police Complaints Commission investigation file remains a secret. I hate him because he is a cunt. case would be subject to an investigation by the, examine the specific role of the immigration officers involved, because a PCA inquiry is only authorized to oversee investigations into complaints against, This request was refused by the Home Office, back to the forefront of the world’s conscience. (Benjamin Zephaniah), Joy Gardner’s family sues police ‘He thought they would give her some medicine at the hospital to make her better. Mrs Simpson arrived in Britain in 1961 and, like many immigrants at the time, left her child, Joy, with her grandmother until she could provide for her in England. There were no mass calls for justice, there were no world-wide protests. Outside, two police cars pulled up. 4WardEverUK Case Profile for Joy Gardner Graeme Burke was five when his mother died after police bound her head with tape. Burke Zack – Design Coordinator/Media Director. In September 1990 she married Briton Joh… The Secretary of State has reconsidered the case in light of your representations but is not prepared to rescind the deportation order or allow Mrs Gardner to remain any longer. It’s just one of many but highlights a lack of accountability that runs right to the very top and has been allowed to continue for decades. Mrs Gardner, 40, died in 1993 after a struggle with police who arrived at her flat in Crouch End, north London, to serve a deportation order on her. Her family dispute this narrative. I Bastian's 24 research works with 586 citations and 930 reads, including: Donovanosis ? Since his arrival in London in 2016, Thompson’s interest has also turned to state violence in Britain, leading him to produce Cemetery of Uniforms and Liveries (2016), two silent portraits of Brandon Groce and Graeme Gardner, the grandson, and son, respectively of Cherry Groce and Joy Gardner. Sign up today for FREE to receive our 4WardEverUK quick news alerts and monthly e-newsletter via email. Despite 19,000 people dying on his boats, Bristol STILL had a memorial standing ‘proud’ in the city. The star's agent confirmed his death in a statement earlier today by saying: 'It is with great sadness that we announce Tim’s death early today from COVID-19.' She called for the medical staff to come forward and for an independent inquiry. Michael Robert Catania. The family enlisted the help of Jane Coker, an immigration lawyer, who put it simply: “…in terms of when she died, it was clearly the actions of the police that caused her [Joy] to die, and whether that happened at the flat, the next day, or three days later, is not really relevant.”. She died whilst in the West Indian Centre at Wood Green in north London sat impassively at the front, while the death of Joy Gardner her daughter was discussed and condemned … The ADG officer then cut through the chain-lock with pliers and he forced entry into her flat. Mrs Joy Gardner, 40, died in 1993 after a struggle with police who arrived at her flat in Crouch End, north London, to serve a deportation order on her. And when I came, 16 years before, I paid £75 for the aeroplane. Wardle defended the decison as ‘standard practice’ stating that the letters were sent to coincide with the raid to prevent any further appeals and so raids could be undertaken without warning. Dionne Gardner Dismuke – Senior Designer. That was the principle of our Christian family. According to announcements in The Gazette, ASC was wound up not long afterwards. ” Joy, they dropped to the floor, breaking a chair and Joy’s watch in the process. I long for the day that people can look at another person and see just that – a person. At some stage, one officer took the boy into another room – but he could still hear his mother’s cries. During the trial the judge, Mr Justice Mantell, instructed the jury to return a ‘not guilty’ verdict against Burrell as he was satisfied that Burrell had played no part in applying the gag to Joy. In a face-to-face recorded interview, Ms Sterling told this writer that on July 24 th Gardner was baking cakes and cooking chicken at her flat in Hornsey – where the police raid would take place four days later. . Under Britain’s immigration laws, however, Gardner was considered to be an ‘illegal immigrant’. Initial attempts to revive Joy were unsuccessful and at, The attending ADG officers from SO1(3) had been suspended, the ADG unit – headed by. When Commonwealth citizens were invited to the UK to live as British citizens in order to help rebuild the ‘Mother Country’ after World War II, Myrna Simpson was one of many who embraced the chance. Joy Angelia Burke was born in Jamaica on 29th May 1953. When the police burst into their flat in Hornsey, north London in July 1993 he was five years old. More concerns followed in subsequent trials, and in 2001 a disciplinary tribunal heard that her work: “consistently fell substantially short” of expected standards and there were “substantive deficiencies” in “her technical approach and medical knowledge. I’m not excusing Joy’s aggressive behaviour, but what must be remembered is that when the raid happened, Joy was awaiting a response to her appeal. He said that the tape was wrapped around her head seven times. Most of us have seen the 9mins of footage of George Floyd slowly being asphyxiated to death at the hands of the police in America, and we’ve seen the world rise up and say enough is enough. On 28th July 1993, an immigration officer and five police officers turned up on her doorstep. The family awaited a public coroner’s inquest for answers to some of their questions but it was never undertaken. Only 60 so far had received any compensation. “It hurts so much. This was proved just 10 months after Joy’s death, when an outraged Jeremy Corbyn MP called for answers after Elizabeth Blanchard, 37, had allegedly been cuffed and gagged in May 1994 whilst being transferred from an Oxford detention centre to Banbury police station. Our own Prime Minister is quoted as using terms such as ‘piccaninnies’, ‘watermelon smiles’ and ‘letterboxes’ yet it’s simply brushed aside, and he appears on programmes like This Morning pretending he’s a bumbling buffoon whilst Phil and Holly giggle at him and take a selfie, instead of calling him out on his appallingly track record. A 4WardEverUK initiative. Although he was a lower rank, DC Whitby was in charge of the deportation that day. Assuming Joy had been in some kind of accident, Myrna noticed a few police officers and Bernie Grant MP at the hospital, but was taken aback when she finally saw her daughter lying in a bed, covered in tubes and foil sheeting, her face bruised and a ventilator pumping oxygen into her lungs. On Wednesday, 28 July 1993, police and immigration officers went to my daughter Joy Gardner’s at in Hornsey, London and broke down the door. The report was not released to the public or members of Joy’s family under ‘public interest immunity.’ The lay-person who supervised the PCA investigation, announced that he was considering “making a special report” to the Home Secretary claiming he had discovered matters of a “grave and exceptional nature“. Said the Empire that brought her. According to Myrna, the Home Office made no attempt to contact her or issue an apology, and she is still desperately trying to get justice for her daughter and the many others that have died in custody. There has always been controversy about the actual date of Joy’s death. Wearing a uniform does not give you carte blanche to take someone’s life, nor does it make you superior. In September 1990, Joy married Joseph Gardner, a British citizen. Dr. Harris, a Forensic Scientist at Huntingdon Laboratories, had examined the 13 feet of adhesive tape used to gag Joy. Dunnville Abbott, Jeff Adams, Michelle Adams, Taylor Airth, Rennie Alender, Katie Allison, Will Archer, Ursula Arlidge, M. J. Armstrong, K. L. Joy Gardner was born Joy Burke in Long Bay Beach, Jamaica, in May 1953. The matter has been quietly swept under the carpet…. KEITH VAZ DOES NEARLY EVERYTHING – EVEN SELLS WASHING MACHINES! On 27th April 1994, the Immigration Service and Metropolitan Police undertook over 100 dawn raids in London under their new joint initiative, Operation Elgar. There has never been any independent inquiry into Joy’s death. The CPS, who were normally instructed by the police, were charging the police, and all those problems that arise when you’ve got people who are usually on the same side suddenly pitted against each other, that leads to all sorts of allegations and rumours about documents going missing, somebody getting the sack, somebody not getting the sack who should have got the sack, shredders working late into the night, and we don’t know what’s happened with Joy Gardner’s case and until there is an inquiry, and until every document and every piece of evidence is disclosed, we won’t ever know. Joan Thompson – Comptroller. for tape. It was very apparent that the court and the newspapers were strangely quiet on the subject of the Home Office procedures and the role played by immigration officials, despite the Immigration Service being the one that enforces a deportation order, with police in attendance solely so that they may force entry. They were: The immigration official and two local officers were called as witnesses. This sort of ignorant gas-lighting was the touch-paper as anger began to mount in predominantly black areas of London. 4WardEverUK Case Profile for Joy Gardner Graeme Burke was five when his mother died after police bound her head with tape. She must have attempted to shut her front door, but one ADG officer blocked it with his foot. I mentioned Nigel Farage and his LBC slot at the beginning of the post, but back in 1993, Richard Littlejohn – a Scum columnist – hosted a radio show on LBC, and told his 500k listeners that although Joy’s death was ‘sad’…, “…if she had complied with the deportation order, she might still be alive today.”. “, ” and shaking her head. Joy went to see her local MP and solicitors and enlisted the services of solicitor Djemal Dervish to assist in her appeal. Well, I say, how many white women have they done that to?” she says. “When they arrived at her house with those things,” Myrna Simpson says, “those body belts, the tape – they weren’t looking to find a human being, because you do not do that to a fellow human being. Bennet accused Condon of doing so on the advice of someone further up the chain of command in the Home Office. Reasons for this were explained by the Home Office Minister later on. Despite repeated demands from her family, campaigners and Amnesty International, there has been no inquest and no public inquiry into her death. Joy Gardner and her heart resumed beating at, Joy reached hospital and was immediately connected to a ventilator. To make it easier to follow, I’ve coded the officers as follows: Throughout most of this, little Graeme watched on. Graeme Burke – son of Joy Gardner Neville Lawrence – father of Stephen Lawrence Rupert and Shelia Sylvester – parents of Roger Sylvester Marci Rigg – Sister of Sean Rigg and Chair United Families & Friends Campaign. Two days later she was dead. For reasons never been disclosed, the Home Office concluded her marriage was “a sham” and accused her of using the birth of her son as a means to gaining citizenship, and in the summer of 1992, the Home Office booked a deportation flight for her but Joy failed to turn up at the airport, stating that she had not received a letter. One of the local officers in attendance that day, PC Brian Adamson (LO2), described Joy as ‘the most violent female prisoner’ he had encountered in his 12 year career, and this was echoed across the front pages of the tabloids. During her time in the UK, Joy became a media studies student at Guildhall University and had another child, Graeme. An interview with Greg Burke ... And the other is of: ‘Graeme the son of Joy Gardner. Lewi Jimi Nirigi. Memorial event held 25 years after Joy Gardner’s killing, Putin Critic Alexei Navalny Detained After Landing In Russia, India Kicks Off World's Largest COVID-19 Vaccination Campaign, European Leaders' Dislike Of Twitter's Trump Ban Reflects Their Own Failures, Two Million People Have Died Worldwide Due To COVID-19, North Korea Shows Off New Submarine-Launched Missiles In Military Parade, Brexit: Fishing firms hold London protest over disruption, Alexei Navalny: EU and US demand release of poisoned Putin critic, Brexit: 'Putting UK, not GB, delayed my fish for 24 hours', Nazi Ravensbrück camp: How ordinary women became SS torturers. The immigration service denied that Elizabeth was gagged. Trust had gone, anger was palpable and Joy’s body was still lying in a morgue awaiting the PCA inquiry’s conclusion. It highlighted the inhumane way people are being treated, and the story I am about to cover encompasses the Windrush scandal and also a death at the hands of the authorities, with no justice or accountability at the end. When Joy came in 1987 she wasn’t illegal, she was legal. Joy was pregnant and her son, Graeme, was born later that year. Mrs Simpson and other families, along with representatives of the organisation INQUEST, which examines deaths in custody, met Jack Straw, the Home Secretary, to press their case. Joy’s sister, Claudia, was adamant that the authorities purposely covered up that Joy’s death happened at the flat to prevent a public uproar. In September 1990, she married Joseph Gardner. Mitchell James Burke-Holdway. Paula Lannas, a forensic pathologist, testified on behalf of the defence, stating: “There were bruises on the scalp that indicates the head had struck a hard surface. They relied on the testimony of four pathologists and neuropathologists to prove that Joy Gardner had died as a result of brain damage caused by asphyxiation. This request was refused by the Home Office on the basis that it considered the PCA to be impartial, efficient and thorough in itself. On 28 July 1993 three officers from Britain’s Aliens Deportation Group (ADG) arrived at the north London flat of Joy Gardner to deport her. Arrangements will now be made for her removal to Jamaica. He rejected the claim that he only applied more tape because Joy was ‘still making a noise’. In 1993 he wrote asking the Home Office to reconsider the Deportation Order on compassionate grounds on the basis she was studying for a degree, her family were here and she had a son who was born in the UK and had no affinity with Jamaica at all. The results of their separate post mortem was not made public. On 10th August 1993, The Evening Standard published the version of events of the three ADG officers involved. The crowd were angry and Bernie Grant pleaded for people to remain calm and dignified. He saw what happened. Any news updates on this case are listed at the foot of this item. I paid £600-odd to bring her to this country. I want a media that recognises that every life has as much value, so when a black child disappears off our streets, the case receives as much coverage and funding as that of, say, Madeleine McCann. LONDON PAEDOPHILE RINGS – Operations & Who’s Who? An independent autopsy ordered by Myrna found that Joy had died as a result of oxygen starvation – in line with all the others. Early morning and Joy was asleep with her five-year-old son, Graeme, in their Haringey home at Topsfield Close. The trial began on 15th May 1995. Joy’s death had occurred just months after it was announced that two suspects in the racist murder of Stephen Lawrence would not face charges, so feelings were already running high. The BLM movement has finally brought racism back to the forefront of the world’s conscience. Following the birth of her son, Joy applied to the Home Office for an extension to her visa, but this was denied. death was cerebral hypoxia, most likely caused by asphyxiation as a result of the gag in her mouth. Official versions state it was 4 August after her life support machine was switched off, but many family members maintain that Joy died on 28 July 1993, the day she was violently restrained. She said that she played no part in restraining Joy’s legs or wrapping the adhesive tape around her head. Posts about Joy Angelia Burke written by Peg. She had lacerations to her wrists, bruising to her arm and neck, as well as a minor head wound. On 7th August 1993, the PCA confirmed that Assistant Chief Constable James Conlon of Essex Police would be heading up the investigation, assisted by 12 officers, and on 13th December 1993, another protest was held outside the CPS offices because the PCA had still not completed the inquiry. Gardner had been born in Jamaica, but had come to Britain six years earlier. While it may have seemed like her immigration woes were soon reaching their end, the couple separated a few … THE SOHO CONNECTIONS: Johnny Go Home – 1975, BBC PAYOLA, A BROTHEL & THE SIMULATED RAPE SCENE, SEX OFFENDERS & INCIDENTS CONNECTED TO THE BBC, SPECIAL APPEAL – SEPT 2017: London Fields Paedophile Ring, SLEAZE & CORRUPTION – THE STORY BEHIND THE STORY, OPERATION HEDGEROW + COLIN PETERS & ALASTAIR LAING, OPERATION HYDRANT: Overarching investigation in to abuse, OPERATION CONIFER: Edward Heath Was a Paedophile, GRENFELL TOWER: The Brutal Illustration of Inequality, COPLAND COMMUNITY SCHOOL, FRAUD & THE TORIES, SATANIC RITUAL ABUSE: The intriguing cases of Satanic worship, OPERATION PALLIAL: North Wales Care Home Abuse: Gordon Anglesea. In November 1993 Chris Wardle released the six-page report which confirmed that the government was banning the use of tape and gags. Groce and Burke stare impassively to camera, Reynolds looks out of frame stoically, or at one point is … Joy Gardner – President. There’s no place in the 21st century for racism and bigotry, and the overt racism displayed by the current government should be called out for what it is. I hope the next generation can achieve more than my generation has, but right now we have a duty to ensure our children understand, learn and accept. Sterling said Gardner planned to sell the cakes and chicken at a Stoke Newington street festival near to Ms … That was until George Floyd’s death. Certain elements of the press took the same line. Alicia Kataraina Werahiko. Copyright © 2020 4WardEverUK | Managed by First Stop Design / Family Web Pages Collective. Shawn Douglas Gardner. The head of the Metropolitan Police Federation (MPF), Mike Bennet, complained that the officers should never have been charged and the decision to do so was ‘political’ due to the fact that Bernie Grant MP had become involved. The MPF felt that the use of the equipment was the greatest issue and that those who KNEW that it was a regular occurrence should also have been taking some responsibility. Just one month after Joy’s death, another woman from the same area was deported at the hands of ASC personnel. I am a part of the Windrush generation. Her new husband wrote to the Home Office and requested that they allow her to remain in the country due to the marriage. hope after years of despair Three officers were in a management position within the ADG Unit at the time of Joy’s death. He never saw her alive again. * But it was not until 1987, when Joy was an adult, that she came on a six-month visit and tried to stay, seeking leave on compassionate grounds. However, within just a month, Joseph wrote to the Home Office again and asked to withdraw the request in because the marriage had ended and they were separated. This week, with impeccable timing, the BBC aired a brilliant biographical drama called Sitting in Limbo, which told the story of Anthony Bryan’s fight against unjust forced deportation. I do not know the outcome of the tribunal. Once the trial had ended, the Police Complaints Authority (PCA) announced that no disciplinary procedures would be taken against any of the officers involved due to the court acquittals, arguing that one effectively cancelled out the other. One car contained three officers from Scotland Yard’s SO1 (3) Unit (the Aliens Deportation Group – ADG), and the other car contained two officers from the local Hornsey station. With Joy now bound and gagged on the floor, one ADG officer remained at her side but within minutes it became apparent to him that Joy was in some sort of distress, so he called in a colleague. (* – Disputed by evidence presented by a Forensic Scientist at the trial. ( Log Out / Prior to … It’s also a prime example of how elitism is allowed to go unquestioned and how a narrative is drip-fed into the public consciousness via the media. ( Log Out / As a direct result of Joy’s death, in August 1993 the use of mouth gags were suspended by Sir Paul Condon, and were eventually banned altogether by then Home Office minister, Michael Howard, in January 1994. ambulance, stating that Joy Gardner had collapsed and stopped breathing. The Home Office would have none of it. In December 1993, he then announced that a committee was being set up to hear complaints about the Immigration Service and ‘audit’ the way the department operated. Graeme Burke was five when his mother died after police bound her head with tape. She was strict and would buy Lisa books instead of toys so that she could start reading at an early age. ( Log Out / ADG were considered a “law unto themselves”. Graeme was born in London and now lives in Tottenham.’ This information is doubly important given that the subjects themselves don’t have a voice in which to identify themselves in these two silent films. The annual United Friends and Families Campaign march is on 28th October 2017 – 12pm, Trafalgar Square. That led to deprivation of oxygen and death. In the Joy for Justice documentary, Myrna is a softly spoken, calm woman who refuses to give up. She claimed afterwards that sellotape had been used to bind her legs and mouth. Boom in communal living really the good life / family Web Pages Collective after the trial her England! Police Complaints Commission investigation file remains a secret was left with my mother Jamaica! Children with her five-and-half-year-old son, Graeme re-enacted the disturbing events spoke alongside Bernie Grant because is! It did not obstruct Joy ’ s death, another woman from the Diplomatic Protection and... 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