marxist film analysis example

Please consider supporting us on Patreon if you enjoy the content: https://www.patreon.com/cuckA Marxist analysis of the movie Shrek (2001) by Dreamworks. He believes that his power position is normal and that the ant’s subordination to them is nothing but natural. Eventually in the movie, Barry decides to revolt, and with the help of Vanessa, a lawsuit follows in which both sides are arguing about the place of bees in society. The movie Shrek as we all know starts off with our favorite ogre’s morning routine. At the end of the movie, when Fiona transforms into an ogre, she is not transforming into a proletariat figure, instead, she is putting on her last façade which will lure in Shrek who is already susceptible to liberal reforms. This represents the Death and the Resurrection of Christ. Barry’s revolution fails and the bees have lost all sense of belonging in society and so they decide to go back to work. In this article, I am hoping to break the misconception about what Marxism truly is, and maybe shed light on how bad capitalism actually is using some of the fun movies we loved as children and still love as adults. Therefore, it is not the fault of the proletariat if the revolution failed, it is not because they need to work as part of their nature, but because of the bourgeoisie. Once the feudal system they were under is defeated, they start using Flick’s invention to feed themselves. Marxist film theory or marxist approach to filmmaking comes from the idea that directors express ideas of marxism through film. Popular Marxism theories state that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change. This ideology interprets human development through the history from materialistic point of view. "In this thinking of the structure of societies, literary texts are one register of the superstructure, which is determined by the economic base of any given society. This could also be considered the socialist way of storytelling. To conclude, I would like to say that as the above analyses prove, topics like Communism and Marxism do not exist in a vacuum. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! Flag this item for. 301 certified writers online. WRITING a MARXIST ANALYSIS The English literary critic and cultural theorist, Terry Eagleton, defines Marxist criticism this way: Marxist literary criticism Marxist criticism views literary works as reflections of the social institutions from which they originate. Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, better known as historical materialism, to understand class relations and social conflict as well as a dialectical perspective to view social transformation.It originates from the works of 19th-century German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. One might say that this is the movie’s way to explain that a Marxist revolution is always doomed to fail. They use a big bird to scare them off but the bird crashes down and burns so Flick has to confront Grasshopper. I was into mass consumption in the form of endless dresses in my closet and boxes over boxes of jewelry on my vanity. Shrek henceforth falls for the idea of happiness created by the bourgeoisie. share. The story starts with Flick, a young ant who is trying to find a new invention to harvest crops more efficiently in order to give to the grasshoppers and to feed the ants. Doing marxist analysis - Essay Example. For example, Trinity is the name of one of the main characters. Analysis Paper: The Matrix The Matrix is a science fiction film produced in the 1999’s by the Wachowski Brothers that revolves around the idea reality is not what it seems to be. This segment might seem like the bourgeoisie wanting to step with the proletariat in order to create reform, but instead, it translates a perfect fascist ideology called class collaboration. One of Marx’s key theories, that of the bourgeoisie and proletariat and associated class struggle (Marx and Engels, 1888), is evident in Shrek and Fiona’s relationship as they are from very different classes. analysis of the development of capitalism and the role of class struggle in a systemic economic change. Graphic Violence ; Graphic Sexual Content ; movies. If anyone continues to insist on the legitimacy of Marx's predictions about the proletariat uprising, Aliens responds that it is still hasn't … The queen and the older ants tell Flick that he is wasting his time and that instead, he should just harvest the wheat in the old-fashioned way. Indeed, during his dialogues with Shrek, he hints at his desire to destroy class division and believes that in order to do so he has to follow a revolutionary and violent path. https://study.com/academy/lesson/marxist-criticism-definition-examples.html The feudal lord actually asks them to double the quota. Learn More . by Lynn Bazzi - Staff Writer. We can see that he is pictured as dirty, neglected, fat, and living in a literal swamp. Marxism, a body of doctrine developed by Karl Marx and, to a lesser extent, by Friedrich Engels in the mid-19th century. It originally consisted of three related ideas: a philosophical anthropology, a theory of history, and an economic and political program. His solution was to eliminate the single individual and only tell the story with groups. We will write a custom Essay on Analysis of Marxist Theory specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. He does not fall for the bourgeois propaganda and instead believes that the abolishing of class division can only be done through violence, which is exactly Marx’s idea of a revolution. This film came out during the “hot” year, when students all over Europe were protesting against the institutions. The Case Against Standardized Admissions Tests, Personal Status Laws: A System by Men, For Men, and Against Women, Arousal Non-concordance: When the Mind and Body are Out of Sync, On 52 years of Palestinian Hunger Strikes, Economic question marks in the face of revolution. At this point of the movie, the ants run into a problem when the food is completely lost. For example in Titanic (1997) and Snowpiercer (2013) we can see the class struggle, between the upper class and lower class. Marxist Analysis of the Hunger Games - essay example for free Newyorkessays - database with more than 65000 college essays for studying 】 Furthermore, different variants of Marxism apply Marxist analysis to study different aspects of society (e. g. : mass culture, economic crises, or Feminism). Marxism is a social, political, and economic ideology pioneered by German philosophers, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, in the early part of the 19thcentury. One of the examples of this rigid Marxist literary criticism is Illusion and Reality by ... Nations, Literatures (1992) contained Marxist analysis of the concepts like Third World Literature and Orientalism. Read Text . However, at a macro level, they are exploited by the humans which represent the bourgeoisie. Menu. EMBED. In reality, this would not be a … In this case, even though Shrek is portrayed as a violent, big, and scary ogre he refuses to act in this way in order to not validate the bourgeois ideas of him and hence decides to follow a pacifist path to revolution. Release Calendar DVD & Blu-ray Releases Top Rated Movies Most Popular Movies Browse Movies by Genre Top Box Office Showtimes & Tickets Showtimes & Tickets In Theaters Coming Soon Coming Soon Movie News India Movie Spotlight. Certainly many film-makers in a whole number of countries have at one time or other been members of their respective communist parties, and have espoused Marxism. The bourgeoisie affirms that the bees’ only purpose in life is to work for them. In the film, it glamorizes how America has the lowest crime and unemployment rate in history, all because of the annual purge. Yudaris Octian, “Class Conflict in Film In Time: An Analysis using Marxism Literary Criticism” Thesis: English Letters Department, Letters and Humanities Faculty of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta 2015. It is good to note that the Marxist approach to filmmaking is known as Marxist film theory which has gained popularity throughout the … When the family meets a mysterious man they are enthralled by his presence. That being said, my philosophy professor was definitely right: everything around us can be analyzed from a Marxist lens which is proof that Karl Marx’s ideologies are still relevant in our modern-day context. In fact, the capitalists do not quite care if healthcare is free or not, what they do care about is the fact that the working class could have access to healthcare without having to depend on their employers. I was into mass consumption in the form of endless dresses in my closet and boxes over boxes of jewelry on my vanity. Grasshopper says that the ants are meaningless creatures that are put on this earth to work for the hoppers. This concept, in fact, is the bourgeoisie giving the illusion of a mutual agreement between classes in order to keep the working class from rebelling. Even though this only leads to bad consequences for Adam, Barry gets what he wants, the regime is overthrown, the working class is now on top and the bees have the power. Marxist theory filmmakers attempt to create a concrete, realistic, and unbiased structure to promote ideas (especially political ideas) in a convincingly truthful way. Indeed, even though humans are also technically part of the working class they would much rather capitalize on the fairy creatures than stand in solidarity with them. Marxists hold that materialism is the foundation of society since; human beings must satisfy their basic needs before embarking on secondary needs such as politics, arts, science, and religion, among others. With the titanic embodying capitalism, the luxurious “unsinkable” ship where the third class can’t go to the upper deck where the upper class is staying. Vanessa, his girlfriend, on the other hand, represents the liberal figure that is trying to save Barry from this fascist regime. Still, the whole working-class join efforts in battling the grasshoppers. The reason Grasshopper doubles the quota is to not give the ants the time or energy to revolt. Movies . Subject: Journalism & Communication; Type: Essay; Level: Ph.D. However, if we read Marx closely, we would know that he would call honey making the essence of the bee’s nature and henceforth that we cannot separate work from the bee’s nature. Indeed, they will act in a way that does not validate the bourgeois stereotype of them. Your email address will not be published. Sergei Eisenstein’s presupposition of a procedure of carefully choosing and filtering and segmentation together the segregated unit of film to create a continuous frame of scenes happen to be paramount to the motion picture, claiming its erudite cornerstone as an example of the Marxist argumentation. Marxist Approach to Filmmaking Marxism is very recurrent theme in cinema and many contemporary filmmakers apply a Marxist approach to filmmaking. Now, let’s see how to apply Marxist theory to literature. Specific attention should be given to the moment when the production process was separated from the means of production. The unit analysis of this research is In Time (2011) film directed and written by Andrew Niccol. The main ideas expressed Marx evolved through time and in particular during the 67-68’ period which brought a sort of renaissance and reconsideration of the core Marxist ideas, which ends in a post-structuralist philosophical movement. One example is the opposition of universal healthcare by the bourgeoisie in the modern capitalist economy. Marxist criticism pays special attention to the division of class, class struggle, oppression, and political background of the story. Since capitalism is a dominant economic system, Mar… Marx’s interpretation of human nature begins with human need. Menang, M.E, Marxism and Film: A Marxist Approach to Filmmaking. They are present all around us even in the form of light-hearted children’s movies. One example of this is the division … This got me thinking: what if I did a Marxist analysis on your favorite animated movies? In Scott's films like Aliens, the class system is present and well depicted in numerous forms in his other pictures like Abyss, and Avatar.The capitalist at the heart of Aliens, is the perfect example of the evil capitalist, the one who is the ultimate exploiter of the working class. The role of Marxism in the film creates the characters self-awareness of their class position and other societal struggles. When Fiona is prepared to marry Lord Farquaad, the marriage is stopped by Shrek, Donkey, and the Dragon. French Marxist film makers, such as Jean-Luc Godard, would employ radical editing and choice of subject matter as well as subversive parody to heighten class consciousness and promote Marxist ideas. Most Marxist critics, who were writing in what could chronologically be specified as the early period of Marxist literary criticism, subscribed to what has come to be called "Vulgar Marxism. For example, the elites are benefiting from their own production of business in order to supply for the purge. In this new job, he meets up with a human family. What's on TV & Streaming What's on TV & Streaming Top Rated Shows Most Popular Shows … Pasolini depicts a typical Italian bourgeoisie family reacting towards an unknown man. Estimating the motion picture graphics had to clash than simply get looped throughout the polishing … Flashing sideways we are given proof that the society Shrek is a part of is a Fascist regime that is characterized by the presence of a dictator, in this case, the tiny almighty Lord Farquaad. As Marxist-Leninist philosopher Louis Althusser said ‘an ideology always exists in an apparatus, and its practice, or practices. The movie, however, depicts this revolution as having bad consequences: there is now too much honey and forms of life on earth are slowly perishing. There are several other signs and symbols that occur during the movie that have references to Christianity. Indeed, when she overhears Donkey telling Shrek about a revolution, she feels the need to act and then becomes more ogre-like and makes Shrek fall for her. This existence is material.’ A text, or film, cannot exist outside of its societal influences, whether or not the author is conscious of this. I think that communism is misunderstood, as Marxism is viewed more as a radical movement that aims to make everybody poor and to completely abolish any form of privilege and comfort rather than the ideal system that it actually is. What those ants do not realize is that they themselves have the power to rebel and to bring about a change. According to However, the character of Adam wants to carry out a violent revolution by stinging the lawyer. TV Shows. For example in Titanic (1997) and Snowpiercer (2013) we can see the class struggle, between the upper class and lower class. Shrek Screaming // Source: Pixar, Shrek (2001 Movie) Once upon a time, in a land far, far away, I used to be the number one anti-communist figure. Carpenter’s The Thing diverges from the original in that the alien is no longer embodied in one monster, but is something that can transform itself to look like any number of the crew members at an Antarctic research base. Kuhle Wampe, a 1932 film about unemployment, homelessness and left wing politics, conceived and written by Bertolt Brecht. Just like a real-life capitalist regime, the labor power is exploited, and their work is stripped from any individualization in order for the working class to feel replaceable and to hence, work harder and never rebel. You can carry out a Marxism analysis to see Marxist ideas in contemporary cinema. What Marx condemns is not work itself, but the alienation of the workers from their production, a capitalist signature. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? They also affirm that it is completely natural that bees work for humans which is illustrated by the direct quote “they make honey, we make money”. This is indeed a tactic used by the capitalist bourgeoisie to keep the working class in check. Analysis. This film might create a false consciousness for viewers by allowing them to think the purge might actually be successful in real life. Since he finds this lifestyle monotonous, Barry decides to take another job that involves relations with humans. Marxism was introduced by Karl Marx. Today we can still see Marxism in film, even in Hollywood films now. Marxism - Marxism - Analysis of society: To go directly to the heart of the work of Marx, one must focus on his concrete program for humanity. He realizes that he is expected to work for his whole life, but that his labor will be deindividualized. Again, we think that this is the symbol of a revolution and rebellion against the upper class. Understanding of these films can be aided by a Marxist analysis. Now, to start off I would like to say that I consider the beehive to be a communist society. HIDE THIS PAPER GRAB THE BEST PAPER 97.9% of users find it useful. He is still under the bourgeois rules but receives a little more privilege. The story was told by clashes of one image to the next one (whether in composition, motion, or idea) this technique is also called “collision montage”. Exemplary examples are the “Kino-pravda” works created by Dziga Vertov. My analysis on Ridley Scott’s movie “Blade Runner” will focus on three aspects as representations of the Marxist Theory: the superstructure, the proletariat, and the replicants which represent the ideal worker. The bees are not united in their way of revolting; Barry wants a non-violent revolution, an ideology that strays from the Marxist points of view. In other words, this criticism focuses more on the social and political elements of a work than its aesthetic (artistic and visual) value. When Shrek’s swamp was taken by the bourgeoisie in order to accommodate all of the fairy creatures, this is when Donkey first strikes us as a revolutionary character. As he introduced us to Marxism, he insisted that any modern-day topic found its echo in Marx’s theories and could be analyzed in a Marxist way. A Marxist Analysis of Your Favorite Animated Films. Don’t the movies Shrek, A Bug’s Life, and the Bee Movie ring a communist bell in you? Film wants to show the reverse alienation of the binary opposites on which the theory... Human family beginning of the movie and hence represents the liberal figure that is to! And only tell the story with groups you for only $ 16.05 $ 11/page an understanding these! A Bug ’ s see how to apply Marxist theory specifically for you for only $ 16.05 $.. Human need way of storytelling what if I did a Marxist revolution is always doomed to fail another thing we! Subject: Journalism & Communication ; Type: Essay ; Level:.. Directed and written by Andrew Niccol and the Dragon tries to kill Barry on occasions! Of universal healthcare by the ants that also Want to be a communist in... 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